Low back pain: Symptoms and proper treatment
What is low back pain and why does it occur?
Low back pain is a very specific type of pain that is located in the lower back, just above the hip. In addition, you can also locate muscle contractures, overloads, or other types of problems in this area that generally radiate pain to other areas of the back. It is a nuisance that admits many forms and that can present itself in various ways.
Generally, from the age of 45 or 50 is when it begins to appear, either chronically or in a timely manner. Although also if you are a young person, it is normal that you can feel this pain since it does not always have to do with muscle problems or sports injuries. Sometimes it is the way of life itself that can induce you to suffer these discomforts.
What are the causes of low back pain?
The truth is that there is not one. Such a large area of the body can hurt for many reasons. These are some of the most common:
It is one of the least worrying causes. It can happen when you lift something heavy or do force, that is, when you give that muscle a demand, causing small fiber breaks, excessive stretching, or muscle kinks. Of course, the fact that it is not especially serious does not indicate that the pain cannot be stabbing, aggressive, and very disabling.
LUMBAR DISC HERNIATION
A slightly more complex picture in which the pain can be more intense and difficult to recover from. What does it consist of? Well, mainly in understanding the lumbar nerve root. In other words, the nerve that runs through the spine is twisted or looks tight. The main problem is that the pain can fluctuate for one or two days and even last for several months. Also, on many occasions, the pain radiates and can end directly in the foot or leg, moving away from the back.
A much more complex option. It is the sliding of a vertebra until it invades the empty space that it shares with the neighbor. It usually occurs during childhood, in falls or blows, but it does not usually cause problems until adulthood when it does become much more disabling. The pain travels a lot into the gluteal and leg muscles and usually requires you to sit for it to go away, so it can be especially limiting when it does appear.
OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE FACET JOINTS
Another possibility lies in a degenerative cause. In this case, you will lose the cartilage of the said joint, being a particularly worrying situation, since it has the option of degenerating into sciatica
FRACTURE OR TRAUMA
Finally, a hit may also have caused damage to the area in multiple ways. This can create pain, imbalance, or problems of all kinds that a traumatologist has to measure. In this way, a good recovery will always be possible.
What to do in case of low back pain?
We are going to give you some tips that, at a general level, can be very useful:
- Sit properly. Postural hygiene is key to avoiding movements in the spine or deviations that end up causing more damage. Especially if you work sitting down, for example. So, don’t skimp on buying good chairs and keep your back straight and your eyes forward.
- Play sport. Exercise is always healthy to solve muscle problems and complications. Obviously, a doctor will have to advise you on what you can do (if you have serious causes of low back pain). In general, it is the compensatory ones that can help you the most to relieve discomfort in the area. Thus, training the abdominal area will be an excellent idea, so that it carries the pressure and releases your lower back a little.
- Mobility and stretching. Finally, the best way for the muscles to be relaxed and not exert greater stress on your back is to ensure that it has good mobility and elasticity. Stretch every day and practice movement exercises to adapt your muscles well. It will be very helpful to relieve you at specific times.
Now you have seen how to get rid of low back pain quickly and you have discovered that it is a process that requires changes in your life, it is time to implement them and not leave them for another time. In the face of pain, the first thing is to discover the cause that originates it and then act accordingly. The health of your back is essential to guarantee a good quality of life.
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