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Vlsi chips: The innovative way of application design

VLSI stands for Very Large Scale Integrated circuit, and refers to the construction of an integrated circuit or microprocessor on a single silicon crystal. It really is just that – it is the process of designing circuits with the help of semiconductor engineering services, on very large scales. Instead of using many small, distinct transistors for every logic gate in your circuit, digital VLSI utilizes smaller transistors with fewer gates per transistor 

What makes this unique

Well, there are several different things that make this process stand out. To begin with, using a single silicon crystal as an embedded computing design  substrate means that if a transistor’s gate is broken, or if a grain boundary (boundary between two grains of silicon) overlays the transistor, then the entire chip is rendered useless. Additionally, this means that the production and construction of these transistors must happen very carefully in order to prevent any defects from occurring.

The next aspect we should discuss about low power VLSI design circuits is the learning curve. Now we have been talking about scaling down transistors for making smaller and smaller integrated circuits. Now how does that translate to larger and larger integrated circuits? Well scaling down these transistors means that circuit designs can fit more logic onto one chip. And this means that the logic of the circuit in an integrated chip can now be performed faster.

We can see this best by looking at one of the first transistor computers, ENIAC. In 1945 ENIAC was used to compute an improved numerical value for the orbit of the planet Mercury. This process took over 2000 hours to complete using ENIAC. Now look at a modern iPhone–it is more powerful than ENIAC, yet it fits into your pocket! The power of an iPhone also comes from its small size. As every piece of logic is now smaller on-chip than they ever could have been off-chip, as well as its speed.

Next we will discuss how this allows for the production of smaller and smaller chips. VLSI designs are make to be produce on a manufacturing scale. The advent of VLSI has allowed for the production of more and more integrated circuits on a single chip. Which leads to cheaper and cheaper integrated circuits for us all.

There has been a lot of criticism that VLSI designs are not as robust as their off-chip counterparts, but this is not true. If a non-VLSI circuit design failed then the whole circuit failed, but with VLSI designs if any one transistor fails then the whole chip is rendered useless. So while one transistor is not as robust as another, they have become quite resilient nonetheless.

Lastly, low power VLSI design has allowed for continued advancements in low power integrated circuits. The smaller transistors with fewer gates per transistor translates to less power needed to operate the circuit. In addition, VLSI has allow more and more transistors to place on one chip, which leads to even lower power needs. 

VLSI Circuits are utilized to create a variety of systems that are essential to our everyday tech and electronics life. Whether they’re found in smartphones, computers, or cars. VLSI circuit start from the microscopic scale with low-power microprocessors and end on the macroscale with complex electronic systems. Vlsi circuits design is a very complicated and expensive process. With the increasing complexity of these circuits, it becomes increasingly difficult for engineers to create quality products efficiently.

Advantages 

However, there are many benefits associated with this painstaking process that help justify its high costs. Hi-Tech systems, a leading provider of VLSI design services and solutions, lists the top 10 benefits that come with VLSI circuit design.

Mass Production: 

VLSI circuits are usually associated with high-end electronic systems such as computers, automobiles, and cell phones. However, these chips also function in everyday appliances such as microwave ovens, washing machines, and dishwashers. Companies are able to produce specific chips for individual products without having to produce the same product counterparts.

Component Selection: 

VLSI circuits are highly complex and difficult to design, which makes the component selection process a very complicated process. Many companies have adopted software that allows them to take their circuit designs. Find the right component and then install it in their product without having to manually program each component.

Determining VLSI Configurations: 3. Introduction to VLSI Design

In order for engineers and scientists to be able to create high-performance systems, they must be familiar with various configurations of vlsi circuits such as single- or multi-chip modules (MCMs) or printed circuit boards (PCBs).

 Determining the Power Dissipation

VLSI circuits are use in a wide range of systems, from high-end gaming consoles to cell phones. There are many factors that impact the power dissipation requirements of these devices. And an engineer must be able to design their product according to these specifications.

 PCB Layout: 

The PCB layout is one of the most important design steps find in VLSI circuit designs. Because it gives the user an overview of how all of their components will be placed on their printed circuit boards (PCB).

 Scheduling Critical Paths: 

Before an engineer is able to create their PCB layout, they must first know how long each critical path will take. For example, if a certain process takes longer than the average process. Engineers can use this information to re-plan their schedule and try to find a faster way of completing their desired task.

Checking Integration: 

After an engineer has completed all of the steps in the design process. They need to make sure that everything fits well together and nothing is missing or over-powered. This is when the engineers perform the checking integration process.

Determining Clock and Power Derivatives:

VLSI circuits require many components, and in order to be able to design a low-noise device, an engineer must be familiar with each of these components so they can determine how much power they need. In addition, an engineer must take clock variations into account which will affect the circuit operation. The derivatives of these different variables provide information about how well-designed a piece of hardware is going to work.

Circuit Layout: 

The circuit layout is arguably the most crucial step in VLSI circuit design because it requires a designer to develop an optimized design that will maximize their product’s performance and minimize its cost.

Conclusion

VLSI circuits vary greatly in complexity, which can make it very difficult for an engineer to know the exact steps needed for the specific circuit design that they are working on. However, this necessary planning stage helps ensure that everything works properly and efficiently when completed.

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