Health and Fitness

What is General Medicine

What is General Medicine

General medicine, also known as internal medicine, is a medical specialty focused on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of acute and chronic illnesses in adults. General practitioners in this field are trained to provide comprehensive care for a wide range of health conditions, including complex medical problems that may affect multiple body systems. They use a holistic approach to patient care, considering physical, psychological, and social factors in their assessments and treatments. General medicine also includes preventive medicine, such as health screenings, immunizations, and lifestyle counseling, aimed at maintaining health and preventing disease.

Family Physician

Family doctors have the special ability to treat every member of the family, regardless of age, gender, or illness, with complete medical treatment. A family doctor or family practise has additional training in specialties outside of the scope of standard medical education and has in-depth knowledge of both adult and paediatric medicine. A family doctor is crucial in ensuring that everyone in the family and community has access to health care.

What diseases are treated under General Medicine?

General medicine covers a wide range of medical conditions and diseases, including:

  1. Cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, coronary artery disease, heart failure, and arrhythmias.
  2. Pulmonary diseases, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and pneumonia.
  3. Gastrointestinal diseases, such as peptic ulcer disease, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and liver diseases.
  4. Endocrine diseases, such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, and adrenal gland disorders.
  5. Neurological diseases, such as migraine, epilepsy, and Parkinson’s disease.
  6. Infectious diseases, such as pneumonia, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis.
  7. Hematological disorders, such as anemia, thrombosis, and bleeding disorders.
  8. Rheumatologic diseases, such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
  9. Renal diseases, such as chronic kidney disease and nephritis.
  10. Cancer, such as breast cancer, lung cancer, and colon cancer.

These are just some examples of the types of diseases that are treated by general practitioners. It’s important to note that general practitioners may refer patients to specialists for further evaluation and treatment if necessary.


The most prevalent illness that affects humans is fever. Your doctor might inquire about your health history and present symptoms to assess fever. The doctor performs a physical check and, if necessary, advises getting a blood test. The doctor may not recommend many drugs for low-grade fever. Medications like acetaminophen or ibuprofen are administered for high fevers.

Asthma- It is a long-term condition that affects the lungs’ airways. The airway becomes constricted, swells, and generates more mucus due to this illness. As a result, breathing becomes difficult, wheezing and coughing occur. Asthma can be a serious issue for some people, making it difficult for them to go about their everyday lives and even triggering asthma attacks.

Hypertension- High blood pressure, sometimes known as hypertension, is a frequent cardiovascular illness. Most people’ hypertension is not brought on by any particular factor. As people age, their blood pressure tends to rise. A quick onset of secondary hypertension results in elevated blood pressure. Secondary hypertension may be brought on by thyroid issues, sleep apnea, kidney issues, particular pharmaceuticals, and other medications, among other things.

Thyroid malfunctions- The thyroid gland is in charge of the body’s metabolism. Thus, thyroid gland abnormalities cause a slowdown in the rate of the body’s metabolism. The most frequent thyroid issue is irregular thyroid hormone production, which can result in hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. If left unchecked, these issues may result in cancer. They may also cause other bodily issues like increased fatigue, weight loss, or weight gain.

Liver Diseases- The liver is a vital organ that helps us digest food and get rid of harmful toxins from our bodies. Problems with the liver can be caused by many different things. Drugs, excessive alcohol, infections, and genetic factors can all seriously impair the liver’s ability to operate. Untreated liver disease can result in liver failure, a condition that can be fatal.

Heart Diseases-There are many different forms of heart conditions that are brought on by damage to the heart’s structure, to the coronary arteries, or by a lack of nutrients and oxygen. Some of the risk factors for heart disease include being overweight, having high blood pressure, smoking, having diabetes, eating fast food, etc. Both medicine and surgery are options for treating heart disease.

In addition to these conditions, general medicine also covers and treats excessive cholesterol, the flu, headaches, chest pain, abdominal discomfort, coughs, respiratory infections, pneumonia, and other conditions.


In this post, you get to know about what is General medicine and its procedure. On the other hand, this information has been reviewed by medical specialists It is provided only for educational purposes only and this doesn’t mean replacing the advice of your doctor or other health care provider. We encourage you to speak with your doctor about any questions or concerns you may have. However, if you are looking for the best General medicine hospital in India then you can contact us or you can visit Hospital.

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